Before the sun is exposed to the sun, two must be done
In the hot summer days, office workers riding electric bicycles on the roads, as well as traffic patrols, cleaners, construction workers, exposed to the sun in the hot sun, easy to heatstroke, collapse, and cause dermatitis.
How to deal with and prevent these situations?
Xue Yuzhu, director of the Nutrition Department of Zhengzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said that summer diet should be light, and there are some principles that everyone can refer to.
Replenish water, inorganic salt: 3 times daily water supply?
5 liters; when the labor and temperature or radiant heat are particularly high, the daily hydration volume needs to be more than 5 liters.
The hydration method should be applied in small quantities for a number of times to avoid affecting appetite.
In addition to salt, potassium salts and other inorganic salts are supplemented with vegetables, fruits and beans containing inorganic salts.
Among them, the organic acid in the fruit can stimulate the appetite and facilitate the digestion of the food in the stomach. It is recommended to drink more soup, fish soup and broth.
Boiled water, salt water is the basic drink in summer, you can press 0.
2% saline, salt tea, can relieve fatigue and improve body temperature, pulse, blood pressure and heart rate in high temperature environment.
More supplements with high-quality protein, vitamin C and B vitamins: like vitamin B1, vitamin C, the normal person needs 100 mg / day, the daily population needs to reach 160 mg under high temperature; calcium absorption should also increase, normal peopleThe daily requirement for calcium is 80 mg, and the population at high temperature should reach 110 mg.
Foods rich in B vitamins: rice, wheat germ, animal offal, beans, celery leaves, lettuce leaves and other vitamin B1 content.
Vitamin B2 foods include animal liver, mushrooms and the like.
To repair sunburned skin, vitamin C should be added, which can be absorbed from melon, tomato, pepper, cauliflower and other foods.
Recommended summer porridge: lotus leaf porridge, mung bean porridge recommended food: loofah, bitter gourd.
But bitter gourd does not advocate eating it; it can also be fried with watermelon rind to relieve heat.
[特殊人群如何度夏] 炎夏，疾病患者如何吃才能既保证营养，又有利于病情控制?Dr. Chen Huibin from the Department of Nutrition of the Provincial Cancer Hospital introduced the diet rules.
● Hypertensive patients ● Summer is hot, the temperature difference between morning and evening is prolonged, the weather is impermanent, and blood pressure is easy to fluctuate, which is not conducive to the stability of the internal environment.
Therefore, pay special attention to the low-salt diet, do not eat pickles, cured meat, etc.
Salt intake – during treatment: 2?
3 g / day blood pressure stable period: 4?
5 g / day 摄入 intake – slight intake should be controlled below 50 grams / day a spoonful of oil is 10 grams of researcher, but because meat and eggs contain fat, so blood pressure is best, please professionalThe dietitian guides and develops a diet plan that suits you according to your height, weight and blood test indicators.
Hypertensive patients also need to consider the problem of healthy oil while limiting adults.
The ratio of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids should be appropriate.
Recommended cooking oil: olive oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, which is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which is relatively beneficial to health.
Cholesterol intake – high blood pressure with high cholesterol: do not exceed 300 mg / day high blood pressure but not high cholesterol: do not exceed 500 mg / day.
Recommended antihypertensive food: fungus, kelp, cucumber, tomato, radish, celery, banana; recommended lipid-lowering food: mushrooms, sea fish, onions, garlic, oyster mushrooms, straw mushrooms, white fungus.
● Poor gastrointestinal function ● Spleen and stomach are warm and aversion to cold, especially in the summer to protect the stomach, do not eat cold food.
In the summer, you should also pay attention to light diet and cleanliness. In summer, too many people like to eat cold dishes. If you don’t pay attention, it will cause diarrhea and cause metabolic inflammation.
People with weak gastrointestinal function should be light and digestible in summer, and the elderly should pay attention to soft and rotten.
In terms of nutrition, the food is reduced as much as possible, and the variety of protein, inorganic salt and vitamins are rich, and it is necessary to have a content suitable for oneself.
So how much does it take in a day?
Calculation method: (height – 105) × average coefficient of labor intensity (this formula can be found online) More detailed algorithms should refer to age, so it is best to ask a professional dietitian for guidance.
Recommended congee: mung bean porridge (clearing heat and detoxification), barley porridge (spleen and dampness), red dates lotus seed porridge is best to use steamed, boiled, stewed cooking methods.
● Tumor patients ● Treatment gap, first pay attention to balanced diet, on this basis to increase the food to improve the body’s resistance, such as fungus, mushrooms, straw mushrooms, loofah, bitter gourd, green leafy vegetables.
In addition, there are some fruits and vegetables that have the effect of clearing heat and thirst, such as watermelon, lotus root, lotus root, coix seed, yam, almond, water chestnut, winter melon, mung bean, etc., so freshwater fish, such as grass carp, black fish, etc. often eat some,Because of its rich content of vitamin C, β-carotene and organic substances, it has anti-tumor effect and can effectively enhance the body’s immunity.